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Published November 2013


Guilt by Association: UAPA Cases from Madhya Pradesh

By Jamia Teachers' Solidarity Association

75 Large format pages p/b
Price: Rs 100* / US $7
Year: 2013

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New Delhi: Jamia Teachers’ Solidarity Association (JTSA), a Delhi based civil and democratic rights group released its latest report on November 7th 2013 , at Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, in a well attended meeting. The report was released by Dr. Binayak Sen, Noted Activist and National Vice-President of PUCL; Mr. Wajahat Habibullah, Chairperson, National Commission for Minorities; Senior Advocates Ashok Agrawal and Rebecca John. Here is a detailed report on it, sent to us by JTSA.

The programme began with introductory remarks by Sanghamitra Misra, the Joint Secretary of JTSA. She reminded the audience of the context in which JTSA which was formed in the aftermath of the Batla House encounter. This is the fifth year of JTSA’s fight for justice. The present report on UAPA cases in Madhya Pradesh is the third in the series on terror cases that JTSA has brought out – the first being the report on the SIMI trial in Jaipur, followed by the widely acclaimed Framed Damned, Acquitted. The JTSA announced its plan to undertake an All India survey on UAPA cases.

The report Guilt by Association was introduced by the president of JTSA, Manisha Sethi. She said that idea for the report took root in 2011 when a JTSA team visited Madhya Pradesh following the arrest of a number of Muslim youth in Khandwa. When the team visited the families of the accused, it discovered an altogether different version, putting in serious doubt the police claims. The men had actually been apprehended days prior to their said arrest and many family members had in fact filed writs of habeas corpus in local courts, asking for them to be produced before the magistrate. She said that usually when one talks of fabricated cases, one thinks of Malegaon or Mecca Masjid which are now well documented. But the story of Madhya Pradesh remains an untold one. Madhya Pradesh is one such story, which has passed unnoticed, undocumented.

Ashok Agrawal, Advocate and long time campaigner for civil rights, spoke next. He pointed out the irony of representing SIMI in the UAPA tribunal. Though, he is contesting the ban on SIMI, he said, “I am not a lawyer since SIMI does not exist”. The UAPA, he reminded, has a history of 100 years, first brought by the British as a criminal law amendment act. When POTA was repealed, the UAPA was amended. UAPA made membership punishable. I have stressed that we need to find concrete proof of membership, or unlawful activity, but all the proof they have is police confessions. A large proportion of material that was used as the basis to ban SIMI was confessions made to the police. Many of the police confession cannot be used in the trials … but the . The same confessions, which cannot be admitted as evidence in court were however used by the Cabinet Committee on Security to extend the ban on the organization. Each of the tribunals, very high powered ones, headed by justices of the Delhi High court, have relied again and again on these confessions –patently illegal material to continue the ban.

On 27th September 2001—when the first ban on SIMI was imposed—within a week, 300 cases were registered across India on flimsy grounds. These included allegation such as screaming slogans or putting up slogans. These cases are very similar, he said, to what was happening in Punjab of the 1980s.

Mr. Wajahat Habibullah, chairperson, National Minorities Commission, appreciating the report, said that it would be valuable to the NCM’s efforts in seeking a review of this unjust law. He said that he requested the board of Governors of NHRC, of which he is an ex officio member, to ask the government for a review of UAPA. UAPA is, he said, an unsound law, which gives excessive powers to the police. He also decried the appalling lack of prosecution of police officers, proven to have participated in framing of cases. In particular, he spoke of the Mecca Masjid Case. While the lives of those who are falsely framed are destroyed, the perpetrators of these fabrications, receive promotions and medals.

Dr Binayak Sen while congratulating the JTSA for bringing out this report, remarked that the previous report was also a landmark in the analysis of such cases and a great resource for activists. While this present report focuses on SIMI cases, Sen drew attention to the fact that this is but one example of the targeting of innocent people, and the fabrication of cases by police in other parts of the country. He particularly mentioned the example of Chhatisgarh, where Adivasis have been framed as Maoists in many cases.

Dr. Sen, himself, convicted under UAPA, recounted his own experience of how a letter purportedly from a Maoist commander to him was presented before the Court even though there was no evidence that it was seized from his house. This document did not have either Sen’s or the Investigating Officer’s signature on it. When this was questioned in Court, the prosecution’s lawyer argued that it was ‘stuck’ to the other documents! Sen also stated that the documents allegedly taken from his house were taken out in an unsealed cover, violating all codes of law.

The last speaker of the programme was Rebecca John, a prominent Senior Advocate of the Delhi High Court who has successfully taken up many cases of civil rights violation under the UAPA. Ms. John emphasized the fact that the judiciary has not done enough to release reign in the prosecuting agencies and to ensure just and fair trials. She insisted that evidence must be scrutinized at every stage of the trial so that innocents are not incarcerated for long periods. Acquittals after 15 years mean little to those who have lost their lives behind bars. Among other cases, Rebecca John detailed the particular case of Mohd Rafiq, who had been picked up by the Delhi Police in the 2005 Diwali blasts case. In his particular case, the Court has refused to take cognizance of the fact that the chargesheet filed by the Delhi Police in 2006 did not have the attendance record of Rafiq in Kashmir University, where he was a student. The defence case is that he was present in class on the day the police alleges he had executed the bomb blasts. The defence has also submitted an affidavit by the then Registrar stating that Rafiq was in fact present in the University on the said date.

The programme ended with the screening of K.P. Sasi’s film ‘Fabricated’, on the various cases of frame ups across the country.



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