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Published July 2010

Book:

Scientific Commentary of Suratul Faatehah
The very first Surah in the Quran

by Dr E Kazim
M.B., B.S., D.T.M. & H., M.R.C.P.
Director, Islamic Academy, Trinidad
 

Price Print Edition: Rs 250 / US$ 20 
Price Electronic Edition: Free

Pages: 564 / Paperback / Large Format
ISBN-10: 81-7221-037-X
ISBN-13: 978-81-7221-037-3

       



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Table of Contents

      

PART I
Introduction
CHAPTER I: The Holy Qur’an – An Overview
Allah’s own words
Purpose
The original copy
Lailatul Qadr
Scribes
Compilation
Advice
Āyāt
Universal
Numbers in the Qur’an
Khatm al Qur᾿an

CHAPTER II: Systematic Exposition of Sūratul Fātiḥah
Other names
(1) Bismillāh ir Raḥmān ir Raḥīm
(A) Bismillah
Allah
The Supreme Being
Root Words
(B) Ar-Rahmānir Rahīm
What is Ḥamd?
Just two little words
Caution
The workload
Aḥmad
Obstacles
Why should we thank Allāh?
Bounties
Thanksgiving Poem
Is uttering al-Ḥamdu lillāh by the tongue sufficient?
What if we are ungrateful?
Kufr
Are we alone in glorifying Allāh?
Does Allāh listen to us praising Him?
Is there any Advantage in thanking and glorifying Allāh?
Who is Allāh whom we have to thank?
Rabbul ‘Ālamīn:
(3) Ar-Raḥmānir Raḥīm
(4) Māliki Yaumid Dīn:
Yaumud Dīn
Destination Al-Mālik
(A) The Early Human Being:
(B) What is this remarkable creature called “man” who has to meet his mālik?
Free will
Constitution of Man
Meeting Allah
Death
The Glorious Hereafter
Some of the differences between the body and the soul are:
What is Rūḥ? (soul)
Introduction to the nafs or self
The psychology of nafs (self)
Islamic perspective of the self (nafs)
What is nafs? (the self)
Developing Personality
When does Islamisation begin?
Infancy
The ‘id’
The ego
Super-ego
Personality
(I) An-Nafsul Ammārah – The First Part of Life
(II) An-Nafsul Lawwāmah - The Second Part of Life
(III) An-Nafsul Mutma'innah – The Third and Final Part of Life
Definition of Death
Islamic attitude to death
Facing Death
Man’s Last Days on Earth:
Deathbed
Supplication for mercy on death
What we are required to do?
The Concept of Time
Did Allah promise that we will be resurrected?
Appointment with Al-Mālik: actually meeting Him
The Hereafter
Reminiscences from the Hereafter
Tazkiyah or purification
(5) Iyyāka na‘budu wa iyyā ka nasta‘īn
(6) Ihdinas-sirātal mustaqīm
Man’s need for Guidance
Pre-conditions required to receive Guidance

CHAPTER III: The straight path or As-ṣiraṭ al mustaqīm
Ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm through Islām of post- Muḥammad era
Outline of Ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm
I. The Bottom Level: Muslims
Kalimatush Shahādah: the Testimony
Ṣalāt (namāz): ritual prayers
Ibādah
At-Tashahhud or At-Taḥiyyāt
Tahajjud
Sajdah or Prostration
The pineal gland:
Zakāt or Zakah
Charity
Infāq
Ṣadaqah
Siyām: the Islāmic fast
General considerations:
Requirements:
Purpose
The month of Ramaḍan:
Lessons learnt:
Fasting and patience:
Calculations:
The results of the exams:
Medical benefits
Fasting in adverse circumstances
Fasting with underfeeding
Fasting and magnesium
Fasting and our biological rhythms
Fasting and the circadian rhythm:
Fasting, jet lag and shift work:
Fasting and encephalins
Fasting and Growth Hormone:
Sleep, memory and fasting
Electroencephalogram, fasting and sleep
Tarāwīh:
Hajj for those who can afford it
History:
Signifance of ‘Id ul Aḍha
Sacrifice
Major ‘id and minor ‘id
II. The second level of as sirāṭ al mustaqīm: Imān (mu’mins)
Īmān or faith:
III. The third level of as sirāṭ al mustaqīm: ihsān (muhsins)
IV. The fourth level of sirāt al mustaqīm: Īthār
V. The fifth level and upwards: Shahīd / shuhadā
(7) Sirāt al ladhīna an ‘amta ‘alyhim ghyril maghdubi ‘alyhim wa lad dāllīn
Ghyril maghdūbi ‘alyhim
Wa lad dāllīn: (Nor those who have gone astray)

PART II
CHAPTER IV : Relationship between man and Allah
History of man
Shayṭān (Satan, the devil)
The story of Satan
Lessons to learn from Ādam and Eve
How does Satan operate?
Allah’s warnings about shaytān
Was shaytān an angel or a jinnī?
Taubah or repentance and its requirements
(A) Sin
Why is mankind so prone to commit sins?
Shirrk and false worship
Kāfir
(B) The Sinner
(C) Asking for forgivness
Which categories of persons would be forgiven by Allah?
(D) Repenting or Tauba
(E) Allah’s acceptance of Tauba
The purpose of repentance
The benefits of repentance
Retaliation:
Hypocrisy:
Commercial Hypocrisy
Media Hypocrisy
Social Hypocrisy
Religious Hypocrisy
Intellectual Hypocrisy
Cultural Hypocrisy
Political Hypocrisy
The gift of speech
Bio-physics
Sound
Abnormal Speech
Waswasa or soft, alluring sound
Tongue
Truth
Pleasant Speech
Listening
Namimah
Unpleasant Speech
Back-biting, gossip and slander
Gossip
Responding to gossip and slander
Anger

CHAPTER V: Islam in the light of science
The Human Brain
Electroencephalogram:
Neurotransmitters
Endorphins and encephalins:
Serotonin
Dopamine:
Acetylcholine:
Oxytocin:
Vasopressin:
Catecholamines:
Epinephrine: (adrenaline)
Nor-epinephrine:
GABA:
Glutamate:
Phenylethylamine:
Hormones:
Neuroscience of sleep:
Dreams:
Medical aspects of forbidden foods in Islam
I. Diseases transmitted to man from an animal which dies of itself
Diseases in man caused by blood
Diseases carried from swine to man
Islam and intoxicants
Alcohol
Absorption:
Effect of alcohol on the body
Action of alcohol on the brain
Some statistics
Recommendations
How Islam deals with alcohol
A few of the common drugs
Marijuana
LSD
Mescaline
Psilocybin
DMT
PCP
Amphetamines
Qot/Kat/Khat
STP
MDMA
Cocaine
Opium and Heroin
Inhalants
A comparison of different concepts of God
Extra-terrestrial journeys: descent of the first prophet and ascent of the last prophet
Abstract
The Last Prophet
The me‘rāj
The Holy Qur’ān summarises this celestial event
Saw with naked eye

CHAPTER VI: Islam the perfect religion
How religion was perfected
Islām
Islamic da‘wah: Who is a Muslim and what image should he project?
Taqwā
Ummah (community)
The Bee
We Muslims are pathetically backward in technology
Islamisation
Tribute to Mother
Balance – Mīzān
And finally about our leader
Maulid/Maulood
God-Spot
Have we betrayed the trust?
Marriage
Some quotes from the Holy Qur'an and Ḥadīth relating to man and woman
Advice to newly-wed couples
‘Aqīqah
Medical aspects of male circumcision in Islām
Circumcision prevents
Time
Water
Tadbīr versus taqdīr
Qadā and Qadar (taqdīr)
Tadbīr
Middle Course
Knowledge
Electromagnetic Waves
Angels
Ways in which this world may end
Yaum
Period
Hour
The earth
The Sun
The moon
Volcanoes:
Earthquakes:
Supernova:
Magnetic reversal of Earth’s polarity
War Weapons
Chemical and biological warfare
Monster microbes and hybrid animals
Greenhouse Gases
Aerosols and the ozone layer
Other pollutants
Acid Rain
Reversal of the big bang

Conclusion
‘Retroscope’ in Heaven

 

About the Author

Ebrahim Kazim was born in Bombay, India, where his parents had settled after having migrated from Dubai. He was one of eighteen children and was brought up in a typical Muslim home. He acquired his primary education in a Persian school and his secondary education in St. Xavier’s College, Bombay. In 1948 he obtained his M.B.B.S. degree from Grant Medical College and in the same year married his colleague, Dr. Joan Homaida Mohammed, of Trinidad and Tobago. In 1949, he came to Trinidad where he was employed by the Ministry of Health in the General Hospital, San Fernando. In 1952, he proceeded to the United Kingdom for further studies and obtained D.T.M. & H. from the School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool. In 1962, he became the Member of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh (M.R.C.P.). Thereafter, he returned to Trinidad and was appointed Specialist Medical Officer in the General Hospital, Port-of-Spain.

Dr. Kazim has performed his Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah-al-Mukarramah) as well as many ‘umrahs. He has three children. He has always been interested in the religion of his birth, Islam, especially its scientific aspects, and has published numerous articles on this topic in various Islamic journals. In 1985, he and his wife established an Islamic Academy in Trinidad, for the use of the Muslim community and to carry on Islamic and social activities.

Dr. Kazim is also an author of two books on Islam. In 1956 he published CONTEMPLATING SURATUL FATEHAH for free distribution. His second book, ESSAYS ON ISLAMIC TOPICS, originally published on 1st Ramaḍan 1413 (23rd Feb. 1993) was subsequently revised and the second edition appeared on the 27th Ramaḍan 1420: Lailat ul Qadr: (3rd Jan. 2000). It has been translated into Albanian and Urdu. Thereafter, Dr. Kazim collected more scientific data to insert in the articles published in the two books mentioned above, and has now published the current book SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY OF SURATUL FAATEHAH, hoping that the articles presented in this book would be of interest to the readers.

 


Islam, Quran, Qur'an, Koran, science, scientific, books, research

Scientific Commentary of Quran's Surah Faatehah

 

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